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Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons

image description

Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons

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QUICK FACTS

  • HPRWA SCORE 5
  • SYNONYMS Acrocomia totai, Acrocomia mexicana
  • ELEVATION RANGE Low|Mid
  • FAMILY Arecaceae
  • PLANT TYPE Large tree
  • WATER REQUIRMENTS Drought tolerant
  • SOIL REQUIRMENTS Tolerates many soil types
  • SUN EXPOSURE Full Sun
  • SALT TOLERANCE Unknown
  • DRAINAGE REQUIRED No special drainage required
  • PROPAGATION METHODS Seeds

Acrocomia aculeata
(coyoli palm, macaw palm, Paraguay palm)

Native to South America, the macaw palm has many uses, and is a popular tree for macaws to light on. The starchy pith can be used as cattle food, or fermented to make an alcoholic drink for humans. Leaves are used to make cordage. Oils are made by pressing the fruits, and fruits can also be boiled and eaten. The seeds should be scarified before germinating, and can take 4 to 6 months before sprouting. The tree is said to be slow growing, however there are reports of fast growth in Florida. The flowers have an interesting odor that some liken to a chemical smell. Caution is advised with this tree as the trunk is riddled with harmful spines.

Plant Uses

  • Specimen
  • Medicinal
  • Cultural significance
  • Edible

Dangers

Thorns-Spines