Anthurium andraeanum (flamingo flower, lace leaf) is an epiphytic evergreen tropical perennial native to Colombia and Ecuador. It is grown as an ornamental plant and used commonly in floral arrangements and bouquets. An important factor to consider is that the whole plant is toxic to all mammals, including humans. The toxicity comes from calcium oxalate crystals in the plant, which can cause painful irritation and blisters, especially if ingested. This plant has not been documented as naturalized in any Hawaiian Islands to date.
High Risk Traits:
- Thrives, and can potentially spread, in regions with tropical climates
- Reported to be naturalized in some introduced locations, but this has not been confirmed.
- Unpalatable to animals.
- Contains calcium oxalate crystals; toxic to animals and people if ingested.
- Shade tolerant.
- Tolerates many soil types.
- Reproduces by seeds and potentially vegetatively by offsets.
- Seeds adapted for dispersal by birds or possibly other frugivorous animals.
- Intentionally cultivated by people.
Low Risk Traits:
- No reports of invasiveness or detrimental impacts where cultivated.
- Unarmed (no spines, thorns, or burrs).
- Seeds recalcitrant, and not likely to form a persistent seed bank.