High Risk Traits:
- Grows, and may spread, in regions with tropical climates.
- Anecdotally reported to be aggressive, and potentially invasive, in landscape settings.
- May be mildly toxic if ingested and may cause dermatitis.
- Able to form monocultures that may exclude other vegetation.
- Reproduces vegetatively by rhizomatous stems.
- Members of family Marantaceae reported to be self-compatible.
- Vegetative fragments may be spread by dumped garden waste, and possibly water.
- Also spread through intentional cultivation.
Low Risk Traits:
- No confirmed reports of naturalization found.
- Cultivated in the Hawaiian Islands with no reports of naturalization or negative impacts found.
- Unarmed (no spines, thorns, or burrs).
- Grows best in high light environments (dense shade may inhibit spread).
- Seed set may be rare, or absent, in cultivation.
- Lack of seed production reduces risk of long-distance of accidental dispersal.