High Risk Traits:
- Broad elevation range and climate suitability
- Naturalized in several locations worldwide, including the Hawaiian Islands of Kauai, Maui, and Hawaii
- A disturbance-adapted shrub with negative environmental impacts, particularly in La Réunion (Mascarene Islands, Indian Ocean) and Australia
- Other Fuchsia species are invasive.
- Tolerates many soil types.
- Scrambles over other shrubs and small trees, impeding their growth.
- Forms dense thickets.
- Reproduces by seeds, and vegetatively by suckering and stem layering.
- Hybridizes with other Fuchsia species.
- Self-compatible, capable of producing seeds from self-pollination.
- Seeds dispersed by birds, other frugivorous animals, water, and intentionally by people.
- Stem fragments spread by water and in garden waste.
- Able to resprout after cutting unless treated with herbicide.
Low Risk Traits:
- Unarmed (no spines, thorns, or burrs)
- Palatable to browsing animals.
- Shade intolerant (dense shade may limit spread)
- Herbicides may provide effective control.