High Risk Traits:
- Thrives in tropical climates (where it could potentially spread)
- Other Terminalia species are invasive weeds.
- Reproduces by seeds.
- Seeds dispersed by cassowaries, and possibly other large, frugivorous animals (e.g. pigs), and intentionally cultivated.
Low Risk Traits:
- This is a tree commonly cultivated within its native range, and has been introduced to Queensland, Australia, and Sri Lanka, as well as on a limited basis in the Hawaiian Islands. There are currently no reports of naturalization, invasiveness, or negative impacts where cultivated, and its relatively large seeds, lack of effective dispersers, and long time to reproductive maturity suggest this tree will pose low risk of invasiveness in the Hawaiian Islands.
- Cultivated for its edible nuts, with no evidence of naturalization or detrimental impacts reported.
- Unarmed (no spines, thorns, or burrs).
- Grows best in high light environments (dense shade may inhibit spread).
- Large-seeded, and unlikely to be accidentally dispersed.