Norfolk island pine is a large tree with a dense crown and a conical shape. Whorled branches radiate symmetrically from the same position on the trunk. Horizontal branches curve upward slightly. Tiers of branches are evenly spaced, often the trunk is visible between the levels. Awl-shaped eaves are needle-like in appearance.
The common name is a bit confusing; it’s native to Norfolk Island, yet it’s not a true pine.
When grown from seed, it is very fast-growing, reaching 130 feet with a massive 40-foot spread. And the tiers might be more widely spaced when grown from seed.
Vegetative reproduction is successful with terminal cuttings. This will be a slower growth rate, but it will have a more robust appearance with closer tiers.
It makes an excellent indoor plant. Give it bright indirect light and rotate it periodically for even growth. Let the soil dry out in between waterings. Or use it is a perfect Island style Christmas tree. The branches are ideal for holiday wreath making.
Norfolk Island Pine is often confused with Cook’s pine. As juveniles, they are difficult to distinguish. As adults, the differences are apparent.
- Container plant
- Indoor plant
- Privacy / screening
- No dangers